The United Arab Emirates and three other countries were elected Friday as new members of the Security Council for the years 2022 and 2023. They were elected by the General Assembly of the United Nations. Alongside the United Arab Emirates are Albania, which will sit on the Council for the first time, Brazil, Gabon and Ghana.
These countries thus take the place of Tunisia, Saint-Vincent and the Grenadines, Vietnam and Estonia, and according to several diplomats these new entries will change a lot of things, and weigh on the order established by the 5 members. permanent.
All these countries got a large number of votes, an overwhelming majority, so Ghana got the most votes with 185 votes in favor, followed by Gabon 183, Brazil 181, the United Arab Emirates 179, and Albania 175.
For some diplomats anxious to maintain order and the strength of the 5 permanent countries, the arrival of Brazil is perceived as positive, despite being ruled by Jair Bolsonaro, a president nicknamed the “tropical Trump”, a homophobic, sexist , racist, climate skeptic and fan of the era of military dictatorship in his country.
What worries European diplomats, on the other hand, is the presence of two countries with a Muslim majority, the United Arab Emirates and Albania, which is part of the Organization for Islamic Cooperation (OIC).
Faced with these two Muslim countries, European diplomats are worried about the loss of influence on the Security Council, which will count from January only two members of the European Union, France as permanent members, and the Ireland, while all these last years, the countries of the European bloc were omnipresent.
In addition to the 5 permanent members of the Security Council who have the right of veto (United States, China, Russia, France, United Kingdom), 10 non-permanent members are appointed and 5 are renewed each year.
This year, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Chad withdrew their candidatures and countries were in no rush to take their places, resulting in a massive vote for new Council members.