Never the expression ” benefactor rains Has not been as true as today in Morocco, at least in terms of agriculture. Indeed, the recent rains (one week of uninterrupted rainfall) have boosted the morale of farmers, revived thirsty lands and somewhat absorbed the water deficit of the dams, thus suggesting a good agricultural campaign for the coming season, hoping to forget its previous one characterized by two major crises, Lady Covid-19 and a severe rainfall deficit as rarely before.
Beneficial rains which should, tells us the Ministry of Agriculture, Maritime Fisheries, Rural Development and Water and Forests, in a press release, positively impact, as hoped, on water reserves and the filling of dams for agricultural use. Melting snow and runoff should also help increase their filling levels. These resources will also contribute to the reconstitution of the water tables. The department emphasizes the outlook for the 2020/2021 agricultural season, which has improved markedly with the recent rainfall which fell in abundance in the various regions of the Kingdom.
” The return of the rains has contributed to the acceleration of the pace of tillage, sowing and sales of agricultural inputs, especially seeds and basic fertilizers. The heavy and generalized rains recorded during the 1st dekad of January 2021 (83 mm on average), accompanied by a significant drop in temperatures, were favorable to tillering of the early sowing of cereals. “, Said the ministry in its press release. They will also make it possible to improve the situation of fruit tree growing, in particular the good vegetative start, as well as the size and maturation of late varieties and citrus fruits, in addition to the good performance of the new tree plantations.
The ministry notes that the national average rainfall as of January 13, 2021 amounted to 180.6 mm, an increase of 5% compared to the average of the last 30 years (172.2 mm) and an increase of 50% compared to the previous campaign (120.3 mm) on the same date. As for the reserve of dams for agricultural use, it cumulates 5.48 billion m3 (filling rate of 41%) against 6.23 billion m3 the previous campaign on the same date, notes the ministry, indicating that the supply of The dams continue with runoff which is maintained from the heights, in particular by melting snow. The filling rate of the dams supplying the irrigated perimeters, continues the document, has improved in Loukkos to 99%, in Gharb (62%), in Moulouya (36%), in Souss-Massa (32%), in Haouz. (28%), in Tadla and Ouarzazate (21%), in Tafilalet (17%) and 13% in the Doukkalas.
The area sown with autumn cereals on January 8, 2021 amounts to 4.10 million Ha and should reach 4.3 million Ha at the end of the sowing period. This area is made up of 44% soft wheat, 34% barley and 22% durum wheat. Regarding the cereal crops set up, they develop in good conditions and their development during the future stages will depend on the rainfall in the weeks and months to come and on the interviews provided by the farmers. Concerning fodder crops, they are spread over an area of 500,000 Ha, 35% of which is irrigated, against 480,000 Ha the previous season on the same date, ie an increase of 4%. The main cultivated forage species are feed barley (27%), alfalfa (21%), oats (17%), Bersim (13%), field beans (9%), feed mixtures (4%) ) and others (9%).
Legumes occupy around 168,000 Ha, 6% of which is irrigated, against 171,000 Ha in the previous campaign on the same date, ie a decrease of 2%. The main cultivated species are Broad beans (57%), Peas (20%), Lentils (20%), Field beans (11%) and others (3%). Concerning sugar crops, the area sown with sugar beet is 45,910 Ha, against 55,350 Ha made during the previous campaign. This decrease is mainly due to insufficient irrigation resources in the Doukkalas and Tadla basins.
Regarding autumn market gardening, the area achieved as of December 31, 2020 is 100,900 Ha (winter around 85,000 Ha), i.e. an implementation rate of 96% of the agreed program. The achievements by species show that the potato is the main cultivated species with nearly 21,000 Ha, onion 11,000 Ha, tomato 9,235 Ha, green beans 4,900 Ha, squash and courgettes 4,100 Ha, carrots and turnips 15,800. The expected production should cover consumption and export needs for the period January-April and until June for tomatoes.
As regards the health of the national herd, the health situation is satisfactory in all regions of the country, thanks to the continuous health monitoring of the condition of the herd and the various vaccination campaigns carried out by the veterinary services under the authority of the National Office of Sanitary Safety of Food Products (ONSSA) and the mandated health veterinarians, we are still told.