CDG Institute: When mobility and the city are debates

This Tuesday took place the eighth webinar organized by the CDG Institute under the theme: “Mobility facing the challenge of the complexity of urban systems. »With renowned speakers as always in the previous seven. For this time, it was Thierry Mallet, Loubna Boutaleb, Zakaria Naimi and Kawtar Benabdelaziz, all moderated by Aziz Boucetta, director of Panorapost as usual since the beginning of this series of webinars devoted to themes of the “future “.

It is Kawtar Benabdelaziz, technical advisor in Transport and Climate within the German Cooperation (GIZ) in Morocco who coordinates the projects of sustainable mobility and climate change who launched the debates by going to figures that are cold in the back . She said that “ the transport sector in Morocco is 99% dependent on fossil fuels and it is the main consumer of energy at 38%. It is also the second largest CO2 emitter in the Kingdom at 31% “. Hello mobility one would be tempted to say. ” In addition, continues Benabdelaziz, 50% of the Moroccan car fleet circulates between Casablanca and Rabat with an urbanization rate which rose in 2020 to 63.4%. All this brings us to urgently rethink our modes of travel, of course in connection with social inequalities, economic development and climate issues in order to define the actions to be taken to curb the heavy consequences of urban mobility “.

It is Kawtar Benabdelaziz, technical advisor in Transport and Climate within the German Cooperation (GIZ) in Morocco who coordinates the projects of sustainable mobility and climate change who launched the debates by going to figures that are cold in the back . She said that “ the transport sector in Morocco is 99% dependent on fossil fuels and it is the main consumer of energy at 38%. It is also the second largest CO2 emitter in the Kingdom at 31% “. Hello mobility one would be tempted to say.

In addition, continues Benabdelaziz, 50% of the Moroccan car fleet circulates between Casablanca and Rabat with an urbanization rate which rose in 2020 to 63.4%. All this brings us to urgently rethink our modes of travel, of course in connection with social inequalities, economic development and climate issues in order to define the actions to be taken to curb the heavy consequences of urban mobility “.

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For Thierry Mallet, President of UTP and Chairman and CEO of the Transdev Group, he summed up mobility by paraphrasing Esther Dufo (Franco-American economist, professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Nobel Prize in economics in 2019) who had said about the subject, ” mobility is one of the main means of equalizing living standards between territories and absorbing economic and regional disparities “. Loubna Boutaleb, Director General of the Société du Tramway de Rabat-Salé (STRS) since its creation in 2009, had for her part this reflection, “ I claim what was said in the introduction, it is that mobility is an important component in the urban dynamics “.

For the director of STRS, “ It has been widely proven that the development of mobility actively contributes to the socio-economic development of urban spaces ”. And to continue with this reminder about the population in urban areas, citing the UN figures which report, “That in 2050, two out of three people would reside in urban areas, Morocco is currently at 50%, hence the need to develop sustainable mobility to meet this demand “.

For the President of Green Energy Park “by UM6P & IRESEN” in Benguerir, Zakaria Naimi, who replaced Badr Ikken late, who had last minute impediments, ” Mobility has become faster, more efficient, more accessible to more people, however this sector globally accounts for 18% of Co2 emissions as a whole and studies predict that by 2050 the transport of people and freight will double. So we can say that the commitments made by the world community will not be sufficient to achieve the objectives defined at COP 21.

which means that a profound reform of mobility and transport in terms of the technology system, energy supply and behavior are necessary to be able to support this development “. He was joined in this by Kawtar Benabdelaziz who, while confirming his first intervention, spilled over into town planning. ” we have to rethink the way we move and rethink the city in terms of disadvantaged groups (in all their components) and the way they live there so that they can move freely and safely “.

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In short, and after a long and rich debate or other themes in the theme have been developed, (for the content ref to the CDG Institute, on Facebook or You Tube) we will ultimately be granted on reducing the use of the private car and its replacement by more perfectible public transport, better urban planning and the use of urban space for purposes more in line with the set challenge. For Naimi, a strong advocate of new clean energy technologies, “ Morocco, through its strategic and legislative institutional policies, remains in phase with the global vision of energy transition, which allows it to strengthen its position on a continental and global scale. “.

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