Oxfam has warned that Morocco’s performance in combating income poverty may decline due to the economic and social repercussions of the Corona pandemic, which will again lead to an increase in the poverty rate in the Kingdom.
In a recent report on the occasion of the International Day Against Poverty, Oxfam indicated that Morocco has achieved a significant reduction in income poverty over the last twenty years, this percentage having fallen from 13.3% in 2001 to 4.8% in 2014, according to statistics from the High Commission for Planning (HCP). This decrease in monetary poverty, which Morocco has achieved, is however likely to increase due to the economic and social crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic, says Oxfam which expects this crisis to lead to an increase again. the poverty rate in the Kingdom.
According to NGO projections, the percentage of people at risk of falling into poverty because of their health, social and economic situation could drop from 17.1% of the population in 2019 to around 19.7% in 2020 , which represents approximately 1.05 million additional people. Data from “Oxfam” based on the analysis of the indicator of countries’ commitment to reducing inequalities, based on three pillars, namely social expenditure on public services, the imposition of progressive taxes and the promotion of rights workers.
Oxfam has indicated that Morocco occupies the 121th place out of 157 countries, recording a significant drop in the social expenditure sub-index (103th), progressive taxation (137th) and labor rights (101th). On the basis of these data, it is estimated by the NGO that “ it is not surprising to see that public policies to reduce inequalities are insufficient and largely ineffective, and do not affect all components of society in the same way, in particular their effects on the most vulnerable populations “.
Oxfam previously submitted a report entitled ” A fair Morocco, a fair tax “, In which she recorded the lack of social spending for public services, such as education, health and social protection, noting that the Corona pandemic” highlighted the fragility of the health system, which was already suffering from defects that existed before “.
In this context, the organization explained that among the weaknesses of the health system, “ we find the concentration of 50% of doctors in Morocco in the two regions of Casablanca-Settat and Rabat Salé-Kénitra where is 47.9% of the country’s wealth “. Oxfam reminded the government that “ economies must transform to ensure universal access to health, education and other public services, and for this reason, businesses and the rich must pay their fair share of taxes “. She further underlined that the application of this principle “ will go a long way in reducing the gap between rich and poor and between women and men “, Noting that” the adoption of a solidarity tax on wealth at the rate of 5% will be enough to double Morocco’s spending to respond to the Coronavirus “.
As parliament prepares to discuss the 2021 finance bill, Oxfam in Morocco stressed “ the urgent need at this time, when the crisis of social inequalities is deepening in our country, to bring more justice and clarity to our tax system by making the rich and big companies contribute more broadly to protect vulnerable groups “.