To warn of what women agricultural workers are going through, a justice memorandum raised the need for urgent intervention to ” reduce the discrimination practiced against them which exposes them to the risk of marginalization and exploitation of all kinds “. This advocacy memorandum is the result of fieldwork carried out by the group ” Young women for democracy »With agricultural workers, to define their demands and basic needs in the region of Inezgane, Ait Melloul, Agadir.
It was also part of the campaign ” Youda “, who ” covered the Sous-Massa region, targeting in particular female agricultural workers employed in Inezgane Ait Melloul, in a first phase, pending expansion throughout the region and the rest of the Kingdom “. The document indicates that the agricultural sector in Morocco contributes 14% of national GDP and 38% of total employment in Morocco, according to a report published in 2019 by the Directorate of Financial Studies and Forecasts of the Ministry of the Economy, of Finances and the Reform of the Administration. The note also cited a report by the High Commission for Planning, published in the current fiscal year (2020), which indicates that the agriculture, forestry and fishing sector employs a significant female presence, of about 47% of the total number of working women in Morocco.
The pleadings linked the suffering of women agricultural workers to ” Moroccan legislative context “. He referred to the lack of ” legal text “And” the obligation to respect its application “, Which leads to” a persistent discrimination in the rights of women in agricultural work in terms of salary, type of work, schedule “, and the retention” employment of minors in agricultural work in very difficult circumstances “.
The employment of women workers for long and illegal periods ” up to 14 hours per day, under conditions that do not meet health and safety conditions “.
In addition, the work is carried out without respect for the right to paid vacation, with in many cases dismissal, including during pregnancy or after childbirth. The document records that the employment of agricultural workers is done without insuring them against industrial accidents and occupational diseases, their non-declaration to the National Social Security Fund (CNSS), and their transport in conditions that make them vulnerable. road accidents and numerous illnesses, including failure to respect the number authorized to be transported, not to mention degrading practices by drivers or “cabranes” (farm brokers).
The memorandum also highlighted the exposure of these workers to various types of sexual violence, from harassment to attempted rape and rape, knowing that they cannot report ” for fear of losing their job, lack of evidence or lack of confidence in the course of justice, in addition to fear of societal value judgments and defamation of professional and family reputation “. The report recommended a review of the provisions of the Labor Code and their compatibility with Morocco’s international obligations, particularly in the part relating to female workers and seasonal work in general, with the need to open national workshops to draft a law. framework for employment in the agricultural sector, similar to Law No. 19.12 on domestic workers.
The memorandum also recommended “ to ensure insurance against accidents at work and retirement “, With the imposition of the approval of agricultural workers with social protection funds, and” to impose a responsibility booklet on investors in the agricultural and industrial sectors, which guarantees the strengthening of the social aspect which considers rural workers as a socially vulnerable group“.
In addition he suggests taking measures like ” the construction of nurseries in agricultural establishments or industrial districts“. The note emphasizes the need to ensure the safety and protection of women agricultural workers at “ mouqaf », (Meeting place for a given job), in a timely manner and in stages, with the obligation on employers to provide transport.
The memorandum also noted the need for “ labor inspectors to assume their responsibilities ” by ” continuous monitoring of employers on farms, in order to guarantee the rights of women workers “, With” severe penalties for offenders “. The document also advocates “ to assign agricultural vocational training institutes and trainees to qualify agricultural workers and strengthen their professional capacities “.
It should be noted that the group ” Young women for democracy “Was founded in 2013 by Moroccan women from all regions of the Kingdom, with the intention of” contribute to the achievement of complete equality and the achievement of the rule of law guaranteeing all rights and freedoms without discrimination based on sex and form “. The Youda campaign, which means ‘Enough’ in terms of discrimination against women agricultural workers, calls for ” ensure respect for the rights and dignity of this marginalized group absent from economic and political decision-making at local and national levels “.